Lion of Mosul given new life by Google using 3D printing

Lion of Mosul given new life by Google using 3D printing. During its rampage in Iraq and around the Middle East, ISIS has destroyed a vast number of cultural treasures, including the famed Lion of Mosul.

In collaboration with Great Britain’s Imperial War Museums (IWM) and Historic England, Google will proceed to recreate using 3D printing the monuments destroyed by ISIS during its rampage in the Middle East. The monuments be restored include the famous Lion of Mosul. 

The partnership begings, Google says, with the creation of the 3D model of The Lion of Mosul. IWM will have the statue on loan for its “Culture Under Attack” and “What Remains” exhibition. 

The original statue once stood at the entrance of the Temple of Ishtar in Nimrud, Iraq. Having survived since an estimated 860 BCE, the statue was, unfortunately, one of many historical victims to Daesh while it was on display at the Mosul Museum. 

Sites Destroyed or Damaged by ISIS

During its rampage in Iraq and Syria, ISIS had destroyed dozens of archaeological sites. Below are a few of them:

The temple of Baal

Located in Palmyra, this temple was considered one of the best preserved temples in Syria. Built in the year 32, it was erected to the glory of the god Baal. On August 30, 2015, the site was bombed by Daesh jihadists. Ten days earlier, the city’s antiquities director, Khaled al-Asaad, was beheaded for refusing to reveal the hiding places of certain statues.

The lion of Mosul

This monumental statue 3.5 meters high for a weight of 15 tons dated from the 1st century BC. AD After its discovery in 1977 and the restoration that followed, it adorned the entrance to the Museum of Palmyra. It was completely destroyed in June 2015 by Daesh members after their conquest of the city.

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Castle of the Knights

Also known as “Krak des Chevaliers” is a castle dating from the time of the Crusades. It is located in western Syria. Taken back by government forces at the Rebels in March 2014, air raids have severely damaged the building, including its towers. The term “krak” derives from Syriac karak meaning “fortress”.

The ancient villages of northern Syria

Located between Aleppo and Idleb, the site is classified was a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2011. It forms a set of 700 ancient rural villages. It is regularly the target of violent bombing and looting.

The city of Bosra

The city of Bosra in the south of Syria, is known for its Roman theater of the second century. The latter, and more broadly all the current city which developed on the ancient city, suffered many damages notably during the battle of Bosra in March 2015 when the city was taken by the Syrian rebels.

The triumphal arch of the ancient city of Palmyra

Flagship city of the Roman Empire, classified world heritage of humanity, Palmyra is very rich in archaeological ruins. ISIS exploded its iconic triumphal arch in August 2015. 

The Aleppo souk

The Al-Madina souk (market) of Aleppo is a covered souk located in the ancient city of Aleppo. Most of the souk dates from the fourteenth century. It has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1986. Several sections of the building were destroyed as a result of fighting between the Free Syrian Army and the Syrian Armed Forces.

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The Great Mosque of Aleppo

Known as the largest and oldest mosque in this northern Syrian city, the building dates back to the 13th century. Located in the old city, the mosque is today largely destroyed following the battle of Aleppo (2012) and several bombings of the regime.

The Christian Monastery of Mar Elian

Located in the city of Al-Qaryatayn, south-east of Homs and north-west of Damascus, Mar Elian Monastery was bulldozed by ISIS in August 2015. The monastery was built there 1500 years old.

The monastery of Our Lady of Saidnaya

It is one of the oldest Greek Orthodox monastery in Syria. It is an important place of pilgrimage for Christians but also for many Muslims. The building has been damaged and looted by ISIS.

The Monastery of St. James the Mutilated

Located a hundred kilometers north of Damascus, the monastery of Saint Jacques le Mutilé (known locally as “Mar Yacub”) is a place of Christian worship dating from the sixth century. It was completely destroyed by ISIS in August 2015.

The so-called ruins of the “Red House” of Tell Sheikh Hamad

Regularly bombed, these ruins of the early sixth century BC. AD are now left to looting.

The Raqqa Museum

Located in the “capital” of ISIS, the Raqqa Museum was founded in 1981 and was built in a historic building in the city. Dedicated to the conservation and exhibition of archaeological heritage in the province of Ar-Raqqah, the museum is now completely destroyed by car bombings, bombings, deliberate destruction and looting.

The Alma Arra Museum in Hama

This historic museum, famous for its collection of mosaics, was the scene of violent fighting, which left irreversible damage.

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