A recent WHO report announced that more than one million new cases of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) occur every day in the 15-49 age group.
In 2016, among 15-49 year olds, 127 million new cases of chlamydia, 87 million new cases of gonorrhea, 6.3 million new cases of syphilis and 156 million new cases of trichomoniasis occurred worldwide. In total, 376 million new cases of STIs were reported that year, all over the world. This report is particularly worrying, since the release of the latest data in 2012 had revealed similar numbers. There was therefore no significant decrease in the number of new cases or existing cases. A statement that necessarily alerts the WHO.
“We are seeing a worrying lack of progress in curbing sexually transmitted infections globally,” the statement said. It is a wake-up call that must lead us to make a concerted effort to ensure that everyone, no matter where they are, can access the services they need to prevent and treat these debilitating diseases. ”
It is noted that, untreated, these STIs can cause serious complications for those concerned, including neurological or cardiovascular diseases, problems of ectopic pregnancies, or stillbirths. Syphilis, for example, alone accounted for 200,000 stillbirths and neonatal deaths in 2016.
The WHO also recalls that these four STIs are transmitted mainly through unprotected sex (vaginal, oral or anal sex). Chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis can also be transmitted during pregnancy or delivery. Note finally that syphilis (which stands out once more) can be transmitted by contact with infected blood.
Regarding the symptoms, they can be varied. They include fever, abdominal pain, itching or abnormal discharge of the genitals, rash, burning sensation when urinating or redness of the genitals. In women, menstruation may be more painful than usual, and in men the testicles may swell. If in doubt, do not hesitate to consult your doctor.
Note that all these infections can be treated. Nevertheless, it should be noted that the resistance to gonorrhea treatment is becoming more and more felt. Eventually, it is possible that the disease becomes impossible to treat.
The only way to fight these infections is to adopt safe sex practices using condoms. The WHO also insists on the need for regular screening. That of syphilis, for example, should be systematic for all pregnant women, recommends the organization.