Gonorrhea, syphilis, trichomoniasis, and chlamydia alone infect 376 million people each year in the world, or one million new cases each day.
The World Health Organization (WHO) warns: “We are seeing a worrying lack of progress in the fight to stop the spread of sexually transmitted infections worldwide,” said Dr Peter Salama, Deputy Director General of the World Health Organization.
According to the WHO, gonorrhea, syphilis, trichomoniasis and chlamydia infect 376 million people each year, a million new cases every day. A disturbing figure added to the 500 million people carrying the genital herpes virus and the 290 million women who suffer from human papillomavirus.
“In addition to their immediate consequences, STIs can have serious effects” insists the WHO which recommends the use of condoms to limit their spread:
- Some STIs, such as herpes and syphilis, can increase the risk of contracting HIV by at least 3 times.
- Transmission of a mother-to-child STI can result in stillbirth, neonatal death or congenital malformations.
- HPV infection is responsible for 528,000 cases of cervical cancer every year, resulting in 266,000 deaths.
- STIs such as gonorrhea and chlamydia are major causes of pelvic inflammation and infertility.