The World Health Organization announced Monday that burnout had made its entry into the International Classification of Diseases, a spokesman for the WHO said yesterday that it is actually a ” phenomenon related to work “but not a disease.
The WHO said Monday that burnout had entered its new International Classification of Diseases, which serves as a basis for establishing health trends and statistics. But on Tuesday, a spokesman for the WHO made a correction, stating that burnout was in fact already in the previous classification under the chapter “Factors influencing the state of health”.
“The inclusion in this chapter specifically means that burnout is not conceptualized as a medical condition but rather as a work-related phenomenon,” he wrote in a note to the media. He pointed out that only the definition of burnout “has been modified in the light of current research”.
Burnout is described as “a syndrome (…) resulting from chronic stress at work that has not been successfully managed and is characterized by three elements: a feeling of exhaustion, cynicism or negativistic feelings related to his work, reduced professional efficiency”.
The WHO registry states that burnout “refers specifically to phenomena related to the work context and should not be used to describe experiences in other areas of life”.
The new classification, called CIP-11, was published last year and was officially adopted by the Member States at the 72nd WHO World Assembly, which concluded Tuesday in Geneva. It will come into effect on January 1, 2022. This list, compiled by WHO, is based on the findings of health experts around the world.
The WHO Classification of Diseases provides a common language through which health professionals can exchange health information around the world.
The new classification also includes new chapters on sexual health. It covers conditions previously classified elsewhere, such as “gender incongruence”, namely transsexualism, previously classified with mental disorders.
Video game disorder has been added to the section on addiction disorders. The new WHO classification also proposes a new chapter on traditional medicine.