Throughout the year 2018, archaeologists from all over the world achieved surprising discoveries that were very important and relevant to science.
From mummies, demons and a hidden city, we have made a list of the 5 most important and marking archeological discoveries this year.
Mummies more than 2,300 years old in Egypt
On November 28, the Ministry of Antiquities of Egypt reported the discovery of eight sarcophagi, each containing a mummy inside, which were found in the pyramid of the necropolis of Dahshur, south of Cairo.
The mummies were found in good condition and the sarcophagi will be restored, it was also announced that they were in the pyramid of King Amenemhat II and date from the Low Period (between 700 and 300 BC), according to the ministry.
According to the local ministry, the mummies, more than 2,300 years old, will soon be exhibited in the future museums of Hurghada and Sharm el Sheikh, two tourist towns on the shores of the Red Sea, in the east of the country.
100-million-year-old prehistoric spider found in amber
The discovery of a spider within a block of amber, about 100 million years old, made by a group of scientists in Myanmar, was another of the events that surprised the archaeological community.
The species, baptized as Chimerarachne yingi, is considered as a demonstration of the evolution of arachnids. With a size of 3 millimeters and a body whose extension is 2.5 millimeters, this spider attracted attention because it was preserved despite its age. Experts believe it lived in the middle of the Cretaceous Period.
The mysterious sarcophagus closed for more than two thousand years
A team of archaeologists in Egypt discovered a giant sarcophagus made of granite during an excavation in the Sidi Gaber district of Alexandria, according to the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities.
It was buried at a depth of about 16 feet, and the first examinations seem to indicate that it belongs to the Ptolemaic Period, an era of Egyptian history that began in 323 a.C. after the death of Alejandro Magno and ended in 30 a.C. after the death of Cleopatra VII and the invasion of the Romans.
The discovery of a Mayan city hidden in Guatemala
Thanks to a high-tech scanner, 60,000 Mayan archaeological structures were detected in northern Guatemala, which were hidden under the ground, right in the heart of the jungle, the authorities of that country announced last February.
These relics were discovered thanks to a system called LiDAR (Light Detection And Ranging) and among the findings are new urban centers with roads, ceremonial centers and irrigation channels, which is located to Petén, an old city that borders Mexico and Belize.
The first representation of a demon
The specialized site Science Alert, reported that a series of analyzes that were made to a sculpture found in Siberia, not only proved that it was older than previously believed, but that the results indicated that it was the first human representation of a demon’s face.
The figure of just over 15 feet tall found in the vicinity of the Russian city of Yekaterinburg in 1984, could be more than 11 thousand years old and the surprising thing about this 6-sided object is that it would be the symbol of an evil figure.