Researchers have developed an artificial intelligence capable of analyzing the volatile compounds present in the breath to look for certain diseases.
Lately, it seems that there is nothing that artificial intelligence can’t do. The can see through walls, they can predict the outcome of tournament and now they can detect diseases from ones breath. Researchers at the University of Loughborough in the United Kingdom have devised an AI capable of detecting, from the analysis of human breathing droplets, the beginnings of a possible pathology. The technology is designed to analyze chemical compounds in the air, according The Conversation. Within these machines, mathematical models inspired by the brain, called “deep learning networks”, have been specifically designed to “read” the traces left by the breath, reports the site. The device was tested on breath samples from participants treated for cancer. Deep learning networks have analyzed the data in these samples to recognize specific patterns that highlight specific breathing compounds. In the case of the experiment the machine has managed to recognize markers specific to cancer.
The breath sensor is able to recognize a group of chemicals, called aldehydes, often associated with perfumes, but also to stress conditions and human diseases. Where human hand expertise takes hours, the AI only takes a few minutes to autonomously analyze a breath sample. The potential applications of this technology are immense, according to Andrea Soltoggio, researcher at Loughborough University and author of the study. The detection of small amounts of volatile compounds could be used in medicine but also in environmental analysis.
For medicine, the system could diagnose markers of a disease. “This has great potential, but it could also be controversial,” the scientist observes in The Conversation, “We simply suggest that the AI could be used as a tool to detect substances in the air, it does not necessarily have to diagnose or make a decision “.