Global warming will cause warmer air and scarcity of water. It will also cause a reduction in the harvest of fruits and vegetables.
If global warming continues at its current pace, it will reduce fruit and vegetable yields by an average of 31.5 percent, according to a study published in the Proceedings of the American Academy of Sciences (PNAS).
Researchers at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine in the United Kingdom reported the results of a meta-analysis on the consequences of global warming on fruit and vegetable production.
The researchers warn that without substantial efforts to meet future envi- ronmental changes, reduced yields of vegetables and legumes will dramatically change their availability worldwide. Such changes may affect the accessibility and consumption of vegetables and legumes in the medium and long term, which could have a significant impact on the health of the population around the world. “Our study shows that environmental changes such as that rising temperatures and water scarcity can pose a real threat to global agricultural production. ”
Vegetables and legumes are essential components of a healthy, balanced and sustainable diet. Nutrition recommendations routinely advise people to incorporate more vegetables and legumes into their diets.
To mitigate the risks that future environmental changes pose to these crops, researchers say that innovations to improve agricultural production must be a priority, including the development of new crop varieties and improved agricultural management and mechanization.