According to a new US study, adolescents with hyperactivity are more likely to be involved in a car accident than others.
In 2016, 34,439 died in a car crash in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in 2015, 2,333 teens in the United States ages 16–19 were killed and 235,845 were treated in emergency departments for injuries suffered in motor vehicle crashes. Road crashes are the leading cause of death among young people with 16 to 19 teens dying everyday in the United States.
According to a new study conducted by the University of Pennsylvania, young drivers with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders (ADHD) would, on average, are at a higher risk than others of having an accident or to engage in risky behavior by car.
To reach this conclusion, the researchers tracked 60 young American drivers aged 16 to 17 who had obtained a driver’s license within 90 days. These were invited to practice driving on a simulator.
The researchers found that adolescents with hyperactivity symptoms were also the ones who behaved most dangerously on the road – no seatbelt, a tendency to exceed the speed limit, risky driving at night … more surprisingly, adolescents with depressive symptoms were, on average, more cautious than others.
“Hyperactivity can be fraught with self-control problems and altered risk perception: it is therefore necessary to do prevention training with these young drivers in particular,” say the researchers, whose work was published in the journal Nursing Research.