Asthma in childhood is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in adulthood according to a recently published study.
Indeed, having asthma during childhood increases the risk of arterial stiffness in adulthood, according to a study published in the medical journal “Hypertension”, the medical journal of the American Association of Cardiology (ACC) .
The researchers conducted a study with 1,746 participants aged 20 to 51 years over an average of 11 years to understand the effects of childhood asthma on cardiovascular risk.
To establish this link, the scientists measured arterial stiffness, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease with a non-invasive test.
The results of the study showed that participants who had been asthmatic children had a higher risk of having rigid arteries and develop this abnormality early in life. This link was more marked when they were overweight and with hypertension.
“Our study indicates that a history of asthma in childhood is associated with aortic stiffness in adults and potentially an increased risk of future heart disease,” says Dr. Dianjianyi Sun, a researcher at the Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine in New Orleans.
“There is a biological plausibility that the inflammatory nature of asthma results in premature vascular aging,” says Stephen Archer, a cardiologist and department head at Queen’s University in Canada who commented on the findings of the study.