Climate change and all its consequences have the scientific community on high alert. Thanks to the excessive increase of carbon emissions of human origin, it is estimated that up to 50% of the species of plants and animals of the world could face extinction before the end of this century.
These catastrophic findings were made in a study on global warming by the University of East Anglia (United Kingdom), James Cook University (Australia) and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), and was published in the journal Climatic Change.
The research indicates that all those spaces that represent a niche of biodiversity on our planet could lose up to half of their species if global temperature was to increases by 40 ° F (4.5ºC). Under these dreadful conditions, it was established that forests in countries with a hot climate would disappear; South America, Australia and some cities in Asia would lose all their forest resources in the following years.
As if this were not enough, the Amazon and the Galapagos Islands could face total extinction in case there was a disappearance of their habitats, as ecological systems ranging from insects to mammals and amphibians would disappear.
However, all is not lost. The possibility of risk could be reduced by half if the Earth’s temperature does not exceed the average of 35.6 ° F (2 ° C), as was established in the Paris agreement of 2015. But, specialists in the matter consider that the only way to avoid an extinction of these magnitudes, is through limiting the emission of harmful substances into the atmosphere and avoiding the growth of uncontrolled industries.
If countries combined efforts to achieve sufficient measures and objectives, the prospects would improve, although many of the species would not avoid disappearing. WWF does not stop insisting that it should not exceed 34.7 ° F (1.5 ° C) of global temperature if it wants to endure.