Breast augmentation with implants would not interfere with the ability to detect breast cancers, but would alter diagnostic methods and treatments.
For a long time, there have been some persistent concerns in the medical community that breast implants might delay breast cancer diagnosis. But, according to the results of a recent study published in the medical journal Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, breast implants do not prevent the diagnosis of breast cancer. But, there are some differences in the diagnostic methods and treatments in women who have undergone this surgery.
Researchers at the University of Washington in the United States conducted a study with 48 breast cancer patients after breast augmentation and 302 women with breast cancer without implants.
Medical data from both groups of patients were analyzed to determine how breast augmentation and the presence of implants affected the detection and treatment of breast cancer.
The results of the study showed that at the time of diagnosis, the cancers were significantly smaller in women with breast implants: (average height of 1.4 cm), compared to other women (1.9 cm) and that the detection rate of cancer by screening mammograms was lower than by palpation in women with implants: 77.8%, compared to 90.7% of breasts without implants.
Differences in diagnosis and treatment for women with implants
The researchers also found that women with implants were more likely to undergo a biopsy-excision (which consists of removing an entire lesion) than a MRI-guided needle biopsy. These women were mostly treated by mastectomy, 73% against 57% and less likely to undergo oncoplasty (breast preservation treatment by removal of the tumor) 27% against 43% than other women.