Canada has filed a lawsuit against the United States at the World Trade Organization, alleging that it has been wronged by US “anti-dumping” and “countervailing duty” procedures, according to published documents Wednesday by the WTO.
The complaint was filed on December 20, according to the document.
Specifically, Canada has requested WTO consultations with Washington to resolve this trade dispute “regarding certain laws, regulations and other measures taken by the United States with respect to their anti-dumping procedures and on countervailing duties “. These measures are authorized by the WTO but they are subject to certain conditions and are often the subject of disputes at the WTO.
Consultations are the first step in the WTO’s trade dispute settlement process, a process that can take years.
According to the document published by the WTO, Canada considers that the procedures used by Washington, anti-dumping and countervailing duties against Canadian products but also other countries such as Japan, China or India, are inconsistent with the rules of the world trade policeman.
The 30-page document cites dozens of examples that are not directly related to Canada, including 122 cases in which countervailing duties were imposed on foreign countries.
The consultations last in principle 60 days. If no solution is found during this time, either party to the dispute may request the establishment of a panel or arbitration court.
However, for Canada particularly, the complaint focuses on the penalties imposed by the US government on Canadian plane manufacturer Bombarbadier. The latter’s C Series aircraft was punished by the US Department of Commerce, which a 300% anti-dumping duties tax for a violation of US policy against the sale of products at prices below cost.