Weight loss has allowed obese patients with type 2 diabetes to achieve remission: 86% of those who lost more than 15 kilograms, as part of a research, achieved the feat.
Diet and diabetes are often linked. A study published in the prestigious journal The Lancet suggests that for type 2 diabetes, significant weight loss would achieve remission.
Researchers from the University of Glasgow in Scotland conducted a year-long search for people with diabetes. 46% of them are in total remission.
306 people aged 20 to 65 participated in the study. Their body mass index was between 27 and 45, 45 being morbid obesity.
Some of the participants had diabetes for six years. 149 of them attended a weight loss program. For three months, they kept a strict diet (between 825 and 853 calories per day, which is very low), then a phase of stabilization and reintroduction of food of two to eight weeks. They did not change their physical activity. The average weight loss was ten kilograms, against 1 kilogram for the others.
The greater the loss, the more likely it is to heal.
57% of those who lost between 10 and 15 kilograms had no diabetes at the end of the study. The rate rose to 86% for people whose weight loss was greater than 15 kilos. “Our study shows that even if you have type 2 diabetes for six years, remission is possible,” says Michael E. J. Lean, director of the work. The follow-up of these patients will last another four years to evaluate long-term outcomes.
In the immediate future, this study shows that body fat is strongly linked to diabetes, and that in taking care of it, the chances of returning to a normal glucose level are real.