After much research, archaeologists have agreed that the Egyptian sculpture of the head an unknown pharaoh, discovered in 1995 on the historic site of Tell Hazor in Israel, confirms the biblical history of the taking of this city by Joshua son of Noun, in the 13th century before our era.
The clay head of the sculpture of an unknown pharaoh found in 1995 in the Israeli town of Tell Hazor confirms, according to archaeologists, the biblical story of Joshua describing the confrontation between the Hebrew people and a king of Canaan, informs Live Science.
The sculpture in question was made about 4,300 years ago and probably dates back to the Fifth Egyptian dynasty, suppose the Egyptologists Dimitri Laboury and Simon Connor. However, they specify that certain questions remain open: what is the name of this pharaoh? Why was the sculpture transported to Hazor? And why did it survive for a millennium before it was destroyed about 3,300 years ago?
According to them, the sculpture was broken during the capture of the city of Hazor by the tribes of Israel led by Joshua, son of Nun, who is described in the eleventh chapter of the book of Joshua.
“ At that time Joshua turned back and captured Hazor and put its king to the sword. (Hazor had been the head of all these kingdoms.) Everyone in it they put to the sword. They totally destroyed them, not sparing anyone that breathed, and he burned Hazor itself...”(Book of Joshua 11: 10-11)
“The cracks indicate that the nose was broken and the head was untied before the sculpture was destroyed […]. It is interesting to note that no other part of the statue, to which the head belonged, was found on the site,” explain the scientists.
In 2013, archaeologists discovered in Tell Hazor fragments of the Egyptian Sphinx with inscriptions dedicated to the pharaoh Mykerinos (4th dynasty), which reigned between 2,490 and 2,473 BCE.